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CoO DGFT Registration

An Overview of CoO DGFT Registration

A Certificate of Origin is a crucial document or certificate used in international trade that certifies the manufacture or production of the items included in an export shipment. It provides crucial details about the items, their country of origin, their destination, etc., as well as defining their nationality. The CoO decides whether or not the products must have duty paid on them and whether or not they are eligible for importation into the nation. For customs clearance procedures, customs officers demand the Certificate of Origin (CoO).
Preferential Certificate of Origin and Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin (NP CoO) are the two different forms of certificates of origin.

Who issues a certificate of origin?

Several organisations have been proposed by the Indian government to offer the certificate of origin. To issue the Certificate of Origin, different trade organisations, the Chamber of Commerce, Export Promotion Councils, and other government-authorized entities are engaged.
Check the list of designated agencies to issue the preferred and non-preferred COO below.

Types of Export Certificates of Origin (CoO)

As we discussed above there are two types of Certificate of Origin -

  1. Preferential Certificate of Origin
  2. Non Preferential Certificate of Origin (NP CoO)
Preferential Certificate of Origin

Following wealthier nations offer tariff breaks to developing nations as part of this arrangement.
the USA, New Zealand, Belarus, the EU, Japan, Russia, Canada, Norway, the USA, and Australia (only to LDCs). (x)Bulgaria Switzerland (xi)
Customs officials in these nations need exporters from beneficiary nations to properly fill out and have certified Form A certificates of origin.

Global System of Trade Preference (GSTP)

Under the GSTP, agreements have been reached by developing nations to swap tariff concessions. With regard to a select few products, India has exchanged tariff reductions with 12 other countries.

SAARC Preferential Trading Agreement (SAPTA)

Offering tariff discounts among SAARC nations are India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives.

Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)

To increase trade in goods throughout the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific region, APTA proposes the liberalisation of tariff and non-tariff obstacles. India, China, South Korea, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Sri Lanka are now exchanging tariff concessions under APTA.

India-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement (ISLFTA)

This agreement, which was signed by India and Thailand, restricts importation of Early Harvest Scheme products to those that meet the Rules of Origin.

India – Thailand Framework Agreement for Free Trade Area

India and Thailand have signed this agreement, which restricts importation of Early Harvest Scheme products to those that meet the Rules of Origin.

India- Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (IMCECA)

With effect from July 1, 2011, this Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement is between the governments of Malaysia and India.

India-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IJCEPA)

In order to promote investment opportunities and reinforce protection for investments and investment operations between the Countries, the governments of India and Japan have inked an agreement.

Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) between India and Korea

This pact was signed by the governments of India and the Republic of Korea in order to liberalise and streamline trade in goods and services as well as increase investment between the two nations.

There are numerous other trade agreements that India has signed with other nations; a list with all the details is presented below.

Non Preferential Certificate of Origin (NP CoO)

The Indian government has also proposed a number of organisations to issue Non-Preferential CoO. Exporters are not entitled to request preferential tariffs if their shipment has a non-preferential Certificate of Origin.

If a candidate wants to get a Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin, they can apply through the Common Digital Platform to any agency that has been given government authorization to do so.

If any agency wishes to be added to the list of nominated agencies in Appendix-4C, they may submit an application to the relevant RA or DGFT in accordance with Annexure I to Appendix 4C.

Common Digital Platform for Certificate of Origin Issuance Online

The government has introduced a single Common platform to obtain Certificates of origin in response to growing fraud concerns and the need to enhance the security of the global supply chain. By saving exporters time and money, the platform would offer an electronic, paperless, contactless shared platform to issue the certificate.

The application must be submitted electronically at https://coo.dgft.gov.in/ to the nominated agencies.

  • In September 2019, the platform became operational for the first time in order to issue preferential certificates of origin. The list of nominated agencies for the Certificate of Origin (Preferential CoO) has since been expanded to include more organisations.
  • According to Trade Notice No. 48/2020-2021, dated March 25, 2021, the shared digital platform to issue online CoO on https://coo.dgft.gov.in/ has been expanded beyond Preferential Certificate of Origin to make electronic applications for Non-Preferential CoO easier.
Refer to the below image to understand how the online platform would help exporters to get a Certificate of origin to export from India.

The following are the documents required to get a Certificate of origin:

  • Shipping bills
  • Bill of Lading/Airway bill
  • Invoice Copy
  • Packing List

We have a different crew for each work in order to perform each as efficiently as possible. Document preparation and gathering all the information required to get a certificate of origin are crucial tasks.

The DGFT Digital Signature Certificate is also necessary for submitting an online application. To prevent any form of delay in the process of acquiring CoO, we have a team working inside to prepare the DGFT DSC.

For certification issuing, prior registration on the CO site is required.

Prior registration is required in order to continue with the application on the CoO portal.

Online registration and application submission require a Class 2 or Class 3 Digital Signature Certificate (DSC), with the firm's IEC incorporated in the DSC.

The applicant must register on the portal before receiving the password via email and mobile device from the IEC holder.

Steps involved in registration to get CoO –
  • Visit the DGFT Coo Portal at https://coo.dgft.gov.in/.
  • Internet-based services the Online Exporter Registration link
  • Prior to the registration process, insert DSC.
  • Enter the IEC code, email address, and mobile number in accordance with the most recent IEC.
  • An applicant can change their email regarding required communications by using the IEC Profile Management tool on the DGFT website.
  • In order to continue with the registration, click Save & Next.
  • The registration request can be submitted by selecting "I Agree".
  • The password would be sent to the email address provided upon successful registration.
  • Go to the log-in screen once the procedure is finished.
  • Use your login name and password to log in.
  • The password would be the one you received in an email, and the user name would be the registered IEC (10-digit alphanumeric/numeric code).

How can I apply online for a Certificate of Origin (CoO)? - The process for obtaining CoO

Exporters must submit their Certificate of Origin applications to the designated/nominated issuing authorities using the e-COO platform. According to the most recent notification, until October 31, 2021, submitting an Application for a Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin on this online platform is not required. The common platform was launched in 2019 for the issuance of preferential CoO and is operating without a hitch.

It is also possible to submit Non-Preferential CoO applications directly to the designated issuing agency up to October 31, 2021, or until further orders.

Steps involved to issue the Certificate of origin -
  • Use legitimate login information, such as the IEC number and password you received after registering on the portal, to access a common platform.
  • Fill out the application form for CoO when it appears by entering all the necessary information.
  • Digitally signed documents must be attached to the site after all the information has been entered.
  • The application must be submitted along with the required documents, which must be uploaded.
  • To view the draught application, click on the preview Certificate.
  • Complete the application and make the payment.
  • An alert will be sent to the applicant's registered email address and mobile number after submission.

Certificate of origin – forms/format of CoO

The forms/formats of certificate of origin of two types –

  1. A single generic form may only be used to issue non-preferential COO.
  2. The forms/formats for the preferential certificate of origin vary from trade agreement to trade agreement. For instance, the format of the CoO under the GSP is Form a Certificate of origin, whereas the format under the ASEAN-India FTA is Form AI Certificate of origin.
Generic format for non preferential CoO Special format for Preferential Certificate of origin
It is a simple format, It refers to a customize template depending varies as per the trade agreement.
It only captures the basic information of the exporter, importer, products and country of origin. It captures specific information regarding the exporter, importer, products and country of origin.

forms/formats of CoO

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

Certificate of origin is a document that lists the exporting country, the exported items, and the destination country.

Many nations are compelled to use it as part of various trade agreements in order to conduct cross-border business.

A document that provides important details about the product, the exporting nation, and the country to which it will be shipped.

Any country, which is involved in international trade requires a certificate of origin.

It is available from the DGFT, additional government-designated organisations, trade associations, export promotion councils, etc.

CoO is necessary for the following reasons: It aids in assessing whether or not specific products are permitted for export from India.

It aids in determining whether or not the products are subject to customs and taxes or are exempt from them.

By submitting an application through the shared digital platform to designated agencies, one may receive an Indian certificate of origin.

Online application has to be done on the Common Digital CoO portal launched by DGFT.

The Government of India has nominated various agencies to issue the certificate of origin.

By submitting an application through the shared digital platform to designated agencies, one may receive an Indian certificate of origin.

Almost all the countries involved in the international supply chain require a certificate of origin.

According to this form of Certificate of Origin, the products being imported or exported are not subject to any preferential tariff treatment, and the appropriate charges must be paid on the moving commodities.

In order for a good to be recognised as having origin under the applicable rules of origin, certain production-related requirements must be met.

The following documents must be used to complete the online application on a shared platform:
1) Billing copy Bill of Lading, Shipping Bill, and 4) The Checklist

A Certificate of Origin can remove or minimise import taxes if you're importing goods from nations with which you have bilateral or unilateral trade agreements.